How Patents Works ?

How patents work

This article will discuss patents and explain how they work. We’ll see that patents are essential to advancing technology and play a crucial role in the
business world.

Functions of patents

An Illustration from Thomas Edison’s 1879 patent for electric light was one of his first inventions. Edison continued to expand on the ideas contained in this patent throughout his career and claimed hundreds of patents related to electric lighting. Patents do not cover certain ideas. No matter how beneficial or innovative they might be, some ideas are automatically public property once they are discovered. This is most evident in discoveries made in the natural world. Scientists can’t patent laws of the universe even though they may revolutionize an industry or change our lives. For instance, Einstein’s Law of Relativity was a revolutionary piece of physics that will always be associated with the man who created it. However, it has never been claimed by anyone. This principle was known long before humans discovered it, and therefore, logically, cannot be considered intellectual property.

Patents not only give credit to inventors but also help humanity. We’ll discuss why patents are so vital to society in the next section. Scientists can’t patent newly discovered plants or animals, but they might be able to patent new genetically
engineered plants or animals. This is similar to patenting computer programs and processes: Although a genetic engineer did not create the parts, their combination may be patentable.

Two significant ways patents accomplish this are:

1) They allow inventors to make a profit on their inventions. It is a complex process to invent a new device or process. Few people would do it if they didn’t have monetary rewards.
2) They are used to disseminate technical information to other inventors. You need to provide a detailed description of your invention when you apply to patent. This description is made public by the patent office and becomes part of its database. The idea becomes more readily available once the patent expires than if it hadn’t been patented.
Patents and Intellectual Property
Other intellectual property symbols
Laws re Copyrights protect original works of authorship that are in tangible form. This
applies to paintings, books, movies, and choreographed dancing (if the steps have
been written down), as well as music, architecture, and other art forms. These works
are not allowed to be copied or reproduced for a certain period without permission
from the copyright holder. The protection in the United States extends for the lifetime
of the copyright holder and for works created after January 1, 1978, its 70 years. The

protection of a copyright-holder company can last anywhere from 95 to 120 years,
depending on the publication [ ref].
Patent Protection
When inventors create a new product, the first thing that they want to do is
patent it. Patents are the government’s way of giving inventors ownership of their
inventions. Patent-holders have the right to determine how their creations will be used
for a limited time. Patents are among the most complicated and strictest forms of
intellectual property protection. Patents are copyrights to inventions. According to
U.S. patent law, a patent is “any new and useful process, machine or composition or
manufacture of matter or any improvement thereof.” Patents, unlike copyrights, protect
the idea or design, not the actual invention. Patenting an invention is, therefore, more
complex than copyrighting it.
What You Can Patent
Patent law allows for the invention to be defined loosely so that it can include many
objects. Not only do patents motivate inventors but also large corporations. These patents are
essential for pharmaceutical, chemical, and computer technology companies. Your success in
these markets could be entirely dependent on your exclusive rights to innovative
products. companies have a lot of intellectual property. IBM currently leads the race in the
invention, with more than 2000 patents in 1999 and another in 2000.
Patents that are not yet in existence must be applied to them. You can patent standard
technological machines, machine advances, and computer programs. However, you
also have the option to patent unique industrial processes, designs, and computer
programs (such as shoe-tread patterns or tires). Although none of these elements are
original, the inventor might have combined them innovatively and uniquely. This is a
patentable invention.
Patents are both the most complex and restrictive types of intellectual
property. requirements must be met in order to patent an invention. The invention must
be sufficiently new. It must be significantly different from any other invention that has
been patented, published, or market. If your invention has been in circulation or
discussed in publications for longer than one year, it is not allowed to be patent.
The company usually has control of an invention created as part of an employee’s work.
However, the patent may be granted to the inventor. The arrangement will vary depending on
where the employee is located and what the contract is. Your employer may sue you if you agree
to give your employer all rights to your invention. Copyrighted work-for-hire is also subject to
the same rules. Although you may be the original author, republishing the work yourself is a
violation of the copyright.
Patent Process
Although patents and copyrights are closely linked forms of intellectual property
protection, the processes for acquiring them could not be more different. Any original
work of art, regardless of its structure, is automatically copyrighted. The creator may

write a copyright notice to strengthen this protection. It will include the word
“copyright” (or the copyright symbol), the name of the copyright holder, and the year it
was created. You will need to complete many forms and do extensive research before
you can get a patent.
Let’s say that your invention is only to be patentable in the United States. After your
prototype is complete and you have successfully euthanized your cat and some
incredulous family members, you can search the United States Patent and Trademark
Office patent database for similar ideas. This can be done at the Patent Search Room
located in Arlington, Virginia or online at U.S. Patent Office site.
What does a Patent Lawyer Do?
After you have your brilliant idea and have found a great lawyer, things can get complicated and
more expensive. You might want to apply for patents in other countries if your invention is of
global interest. Patenting your idea in the United States does not protect you outside the United
States. If your idea is not patented in the United States, anyone can make a profit from it. A
patent attorney with international experience is required if you intend to patent your invention in
another country.
Although most patents are denied on the first application, this does not mean that the process is
over. You and your lawyer might be able to resolve these issues by narrowing down the scope of
the patent. Your attorney will prepare an amendment to the application and submit it for another
review if you decide to do so. The Examiner may approve or reject the amended application. Or,
they might negotiate with you until both parties are satisfied. You might choose to quit if your
application is denied the first time or file a brief charge that the Examiner erred in denying the
application.
The Application
Suzy will begin assembling the patent application if you agree to proceed. There are many parts
to the application. It should include:
 List and description of any applicable prior art, earlier inventions that may be relevant to
your invention. This includes the quantum teleporter and the body scanner, and any other
inventions Suzy has come up with.
 Here’s a brief overview of the new invention
 Description of the preferred applicable embodiment of the invention describes how your
idea will be implemented.
 You may have one or more “claims.” Because they provide the legal description of your
invention, claims are the most important part of an application. Your claims will determine the strength of your suit if someone infringes on your invention. You will not be able prove infringement if the claims do not describe how your idea was copied. Patent lawyers have the training necessary to ensure that your claims are protected at all costs.

How to Keep a Patent

The whole process of patenting can take between one and five years. Patent life begins on the date of application, not approval. This is why few inventors wait for final patent approval to sell their inventions. The invention date is what also determines an inventor’s right to claim the idea. How Patents work are granted to the first person to invent an original invention. Sometimes, more than one inventor submits the same invention at the same time. The
patent copyright office must declare an interference, a similar trial-like proceeding to determine who was the original inventor. An interference identical to a trial case in cost can prove very costly for both sides.

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